alt= Photo Martina Mantecio_Woman's torso with shells and pearl necklace _Le Gist Magazine

“Pearls: A Feminine Journey Through History and Fashion”

In many cultures, pearls have a rich and fascinating history, symbolizing purity, wisdom, and wealth. But beyond their aesthetic appeal, pearls have played a significant role in shaping the lives of women throughout history.

From ancient civilizations to modern societies, the cultural significance of pearls has been deeply intertwined with women’s roles and experiences.

It was Kokichi Mikimoto (1858–1954) in Japan, who at the beginning of the 20th century was granted a patent for developing round cultured pearls from Akoya oysters that their industrial production began.

And one of the first examples of pearls being worn as jewellery was in 420 BC. A sarcophagus of a Persian Princess was discovered wearing an antique pearl necklace which is now on display at the Louvre.

It is in art where we can find many paintings from the Renaissance and Baroque that represent the fashion and beauty of the time through pearls. The word “baroque” originally referred to irregularly shaped beads, as it still does, and for a long time these pearls were not valued.

When the new style of architecture became popular in the 17th century in Europe, critics derisively dubbed the style “Baroque.” suggesting that the structures were ugly, like baroque pearls. But the style of construction became popular and so did the use of baroque pearls in jewelry.

alt= English brooch, circa 1800. Lover’s Eye brooch, England, 1800-20, gold, pearls, diamonds and painted miniature.
English brooch, circa 1800. Lover’s Eye brooch, England, 1800-20, gold, pearls, diamonds and painted miniature.

In the mid-20th century, Lawrence Gowing coined the term “pearl paintings” for the group of works that Johannes Vermeer produced between 1662 and 1665. In various contexts, Vermeer portrayed beautiful women wearing the main status symbol of the 17th century: the pearls. These natural spheres were associated with the virtues of purity and chastity due to their brightness and whiteness. Pearl earrings were very expensive, even more so if the pearls were genuine. In Vermeer’s works, their size is always exaggerated.


In ancient China, pearls were believed to represent perfection and were used as a symbol of feminine energy and the moon. Women adorned themselves with pearls as a sign of their purity and beauty, and they were often handed down through generations as a symbol of family heritage and tradition. In this way, pearls became not just a fashion statement, but a tangible representation of a woman’s lineage and place within her family and community.

Middle East

In the Middle East, particularly in the Arab world, pearls have been cherished for centuries as a symbol of femininity and protection. The pearl trade was historically dominated by women, who were known for their expertise in selecting and trading these precious gems. Pearls adorned traditional headpieces and jewelry, serving as a way for women to assert their individuality and showcase their status within society, There is an old belief that says that pearls are formed when raindrops filled with moonlight fall into the sea and are swallowed by oysters.


In Western culture, pearls have been associated with sophistication and grace, often worn by women as a sign of elegance and refinement. From iconic figures like Cleopatra to modern-day style icons, pearls have been a staple of women’s fashion, representing timeless beauty and empowerment.

Contemporary Society

In contemporary society, the cultural significance of pearls continues to evolve. Women around the world wear pearls to celebrate milestones such as graduations, weddings, and other significant events, symbolizing their achievements and personal growth.

The story of pearls and their cultural significance offers a glimpse into the complex and intertwined relationship between women, culture, and history. It is a reminder of the enduring power of symbols and the ways in which they continue to shape and enrich the lives of women across the globe. As we continue to celebrate the beauty of pearls, we also honor the diverse roles and experiences of women throughout time.

Photo: Martina Matencio


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